'The ROAD From OXFORD to CAMBRIDGE BY JOHN OGILBY' c.1675 (First Edition)

'The ROAD From OXFORD to CAMBRIDGE BY JOHN OGILBY' c.1675 (First Edition)
SKU: ogil80/002

 A very attractive and fascinating 17th century road strip map -- showing the route from Oxford to Cambridge via Bicester, Buckingham, Newport Pagnell, Bedford and Gamlingay -- which was published in John Ogilby's Britannia (London: 1675 [First Edition]*). This is the most sought after of all Ogilby's strip maps due to both the route and the illustration in the cartouche of a 'waywiser', the tool used by Ogilby's surveyors for measuring the length of the roads.

*First edition Ogilbys are recognisable by the absense of the plate number in the bottom left corner.

John Ogilby (1600-1676) was one of the most colourful characters in the history of British map making. Born in Edinburgh, he started his working life as a dancer. This career was however cut short when he was injured during a performance. He later moved to Ireland where he established the first ever theatre in Dublin. Having made a considerable fortune out of this he then lost most of it due to the Civil War and a shipwreck. Despite this setback, he travelled to Cambridge by foot to study Latin and Greek and then eventually moved to London where he opened a book shop specialising in classical works. He once again amassed a considerable fortune only to see his shop burnt to the ground in the Great Fire of London of 1666. It was then, at the age of 66, that he turned to map making. Having produced maps of Africa, Asia and America, his greatest work, 'Britannia', appeared in 1675.This had the distinction of being the first ever road atlas of England & Wales. The 100 maps contained within were also the first to work by the principle of one inch to the mile and to use the Statute mile of 1760 yards (as opposed to the other mile measuements in existence) Each road map depicts a route in the form of 6 or 7 vertical strips with a compass rose showing orientation; additionally, miles, furlongs, towns, churches, windmills, rivers, hills and even gallows are depicted. In total, about 7500 miles were surveyed for the production of the atlas. Britannia proved to be a major success; not only did Ogilby die a wealthy man but his maps were the basis of all road maps for the next 100 years and were incorporated into all county and British maps of the period.

  • This is an original copperplate engraving with later hand colour.
  • Printed area is approximately 41.7cms by 33.9cms.
  • The map is in very good condition with excellent margins. There is some slight age toning and a minor "printer's crease" to the left of  the centrefold. Click on image for a better view.
  • Click on' Delivery Policy' for postage costs.
  • Guaranteed to be over 300 years old.

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